Friday, December 3, 2004

The Origin of the name of EGYPT

Well to speak about the Origins of Egypt doesn't need a blog or journal space in fact it will need a whole servers .I am not an egyptologist or historian but I know the History of My country well ,today I will talk what Egypt ,the name itself means in Both Arabic and in English or foregin languages.

First the Name of Egypt in Arabic -MISR-,MISR in arabic Language means the Country with government, laws and order with a civilization also it means The term can also mean "fortress", or "castellated" , which refers to the natural protective boarders of Egypt which protected the country from invaders. This name can be extended as Misr El Mahrosa
in Holy Quran The name of Egypt (MISR) was mentioned several times I guess 16 times or less ,with its meaning in Arabic a country with Government

There is another legend regarding the Name MISR ,that MISR was the grandson of prophet NOAH who surviviedwith grandfather from the great Flood ,the legend don't stop at here but it reaches that Prophet prayed for young MISR and Asked God to Give MISR and his descedents after him to rule the land they would live on ,and not let time conquer them , this legend I read is not mentioned in the Holy Quarn ,so I am not sure of its correctness ,but I read this in old book of the Prophets tales written by Islamic Shekih used to live in the Middle ages ,he used old books from other and other civilizations like in Persia and religions like Judism and chirstianity.
what is unique about it is that the Egyptians are not conquered by time .

Also some people say MISR comes from an ancient term, Mizraim which may have itself been derived from an ancient Egyptian word, md-r mdr , which people in the region called Egypt.

Before we go for the latin and English word of Egypt I will stop at two names of Egypt in the Ancient times
in the Old Kingdom (the time of pyramids), Egypt was referred to as Kemet (Kermit), or simply Kmt , which means the Black land ,it refers to the rich soil found in the Nile Valley and Delta.
also sometimes it referred to as Deshret, or dshrt , which refers to the "Red Land", or deserts of which Egypt is mostly comprised.
Later, Egyptians referred to their country as "Hwt-ka-Ptah" (Ht-ka-Ptah, or Hout-ak Ptah) , which means "Temple for Ka of Ptah", or more properly, "House of the Ka of Ptah" Ptah was one of Egypt's earliest Gods. Egypt, as many people of the world refer to the country today, is a derivative of this ancient name. yes don't laugh but this is the truth, to pronounce Hwt-ka-Ptah, the Greeks changed this world to Aegyptus (Aigyptos) ,as Greeks had problem with the H letter ,they used it in their literature as the name of an Egyptian King , the Nile River and for the country itself for example in Homer's Oydessy and then it manipulated and changed to different languages

That is the origin of the name of Egypt whether in Arabic or English


  1. Marzuki Abdullah4/11/2017 01:50:00 AM

    I'm researching the word "misr" and I've been wondering how Egypt (which was known as Gopt) now is called Misr. When and how the switch happen?




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