Tuesday, March 24, 2015

#GERD Declaration of principles : Transparency is needed

Today Egypt’s president Abdel Fattah El-Sisi signed with the Sudanese president and Ethiopian PM a Declaration of Principles agreement in Khartoum  over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam “GERD” and the dispute over the Nile Water share of the downstream countries specifically Egypt.
For hours we did not know what those principles are and what they meant back in Cairo while the media was praising the president and his wisdom as usual.
In Khartoum
Needless to say in prefect normal circumstances such an agreement needed to be discussed by a parliament publicly before the president would take a decision that would affect Egypt’s national security in the future.
You cannot  expect the people to accept that deal even if it were initial one without questions when the mainstream media back in Cairo has been inciting against the dam and Ethiopia for years !!!
We have to ask questions.
I do not know if Abdel Fattah El-Sisi understands very well that the final agreement will affect his great great grandchildren before the rest of the population. This deal is much more important than the Muslim Brotherhood and that universal conspiracies against him  altogether.We can survive terrorism and economic crises after all.
Now the Principles are available online in Arabic and English .
We have to ask about those principles and what they mean and whether they are binding or not. I read them and already I got couple of questions in my mind. I know that this is not the final agreement but I wonder if those principles will affect Egypt’s historical rights aka 1922 Nile Basin countries agreement or 1902 dams agreement.
We need honest , clear and transparent answers.
By the way in a statement to the media in Ethiopia on Thursday , the Ethiopian minister of irrigation made it clear that there were no discussion about the dam’s capacity.
Needless to say for the first time since months I see people speaking against what El-Sisi did publicly  indirectly. Today I found Egyptian irrigation experts and African affairs experts slamming that declaration of principles.
Egyptian Former minister of irrigation Mohamed Nasr Allam slammed the declaration on air and said boldly that such agreement needs a parliament. Allam predicted that after GERD started to operate , Lake Nasser would vanish !!! Scary stuff at night !!
By the way we do not have Parliament and we won't have it anytime soon. The Ethiopians also finished 40% of the dam !!
Interestingly while reading the Ethiopian FM Facebook page’s short statement about the Principles Declaration in Khartoum , I found people from Ethiopia asking our same questions in Cairo.
The effect of such agreements goes beyond both regimes whether the Egyptian or Ethiopian but regimes do not want to understand.The governments of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia should be more transparent.
Anyhow days will tell. 

1 comment:

  1. Before Tigrayans became the rulers of Ethiopia, Tigrayans have repeatedly
    died in high numbers due to famine caused by lack of water that occurred mostly
    in the Tigray region. Tigray people are determined to make this will not happen
    to them ever again by building the GERD dam at whatever cost. For close to a
    hundred years Tigrayans were seen as peasant not deserving help from the
    central government during repeated famines. Now the Tigrayans are in power in
    Ethiopia we will build the GERD dam and ensure Tigray will be self sufficient
    with food at whatever cost. Until that happens we will borrow from World Bank
    to ensure we got enough food.

    The World Bank Group’s Board of Executive
    Directors today 02 April 2015 approved loan of US$350 million to help the
    government Ethiopian increase agricultural productivity and enhance market
    access for smallholder farmers in more than 150 of its rural districts. The new
    financing, from the World Bank’s highly-concessional lending agency- the
    International Development Association, will further boost the development
    potential of Ethiopia’s agriculture industry which accounts for 45 percent of
    the country’s total output and occupies nearly 80 percent of the nation’s labor
    force. It is also a major contributor to export earnings.

    .Annual commitments by (worldbank.org) have
    increased steadily and averaged about $15 billion over the last three years,
    with about 50 percent of commitments going to Africa. (worldbank.org)


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